Anaerobic Digestion untuk Pengolahan Sampah Organik: Analisis Multikriteria Menggunakan Metode Analytic Network Process

Mochammad Chaerul, Yahdini Qornin Mardiyah

Abstract


Organic waste can be treated through anaerobic digestion in a bioplant facility. Different management  attern of bioplant has different consequences to each criterion affecting the sustainability of the bioplant. The study aims to apply multicriteria analysis using Analytic Network Process (ANP) method to alternatives of the bioplant management available in Bandung City as a case study. Multicriteria developed in the study, namely Technical, Environment, Social, and Economic, have their respective subcriterions to be analyzed further through interview to related stakeholders. The result revealed that the following subcriterions had the highest driving power and dependency: construction and operational, pretreatment, and availability of infrastructure  (Technical criterion), amount of labor required, readiness of community for waste segregation (Social), and  investment and operational costs (Economic). All subcriterions in criterion of Environment were deemed not so important. The best alternative choosen was a bioplant with waste segregation by generator at source and supported with waste bank


Keywords


organic waste, anaerobic digestion, bioplant, multicriteria analysis, analytic network process, stakeholders

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aragones-Beltran, P., Pastor-Ferrando, J.P., Garcia- Garcia, F., Pascual-Agullo, A., 2010. An analytic

network process approach for sitting a municipal solid waste plant in the Metropolitan Area of Valencia (Spain). Journal of Environmental Management. 91(5): 1071-1086. 10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.12.007

Arikan, E., Simsit-Kelender, Z.T., Vayvay, O., 2017. Solid waste disposal methodology selection using multi-criteria decision making methods and an application in Turkey. Journal of Cleaner Production. 142(1):403-412. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.10.054

Aziz, A., Ihsan, T., Permadani, A.S., 2019. Skenario pengembangan system pengelolaan sampah

Kabupaten Pasaman Barat dengan pendekatan skala pengolahan sampah di tingkat kawasan dan

kota. Jurnal Serambi Engineering. 6:444-450.

Neyzanur, C.E., Zaim, S., Demirel, O.F., Aydin, Z., Delen, D., 2018. An ANP and fuzzy TOPSIS-based SWOT analysis for Turkey’s energy planning. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 82(1):1538-1550. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. rser.2017.06.095

Bottero, M., Comino, E., Riggio, V., 2011. Application of the analytic hierarchy process and the analytic

network process for the assessment of different wastewater treatment systems. Environmental Modelling and Software. 26(10): 1211-1224. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2011.04.002

Coban, A., Ertis, I.F., Cavdaroglu, N.A., 2018. Municipal solid waste management via multi- criteria decision making methods: A case study in Istanbul, Turkey. Journal of Cleaner Production. 180:159-167. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. jclepro.2018.01.130

Gitinavard, H., Mousavi S.M., Vahdani, B., 2017. Soft computing based on hierarchical evaluation approach and criteria interdependencies for energy decision-making problems: A case study. Energy. 118:556-577. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2016.10.070

Helmy, M., Laksono, T.B., Gardera, D., 2006. 3R implementation in Indonesia. Proceeding of Senior Official Meeting on 3R Inittiative. JIC. Tokyo, Japan.

Jingura, R.M., Matengaifa, R., 2009. Optimization of biogas production by anaerobic digestion for sustainable energy development in Zimbabwe. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 13(5):1116-1120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j. rser.2007.06.015

Kasirian, N.M., Yusuff, R.M., Ismail, M.Y., 2010. Application of AHP and ANP in supplier selection process – A case in an automotive company. International Journal of Management Science. 5(2):125-135

Khan, S., Faisal, M.N., 2008. An analytic network process model for municipal solid waste disposal options. Waste Management. 28(9): 1500-1508. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2007.06.015

Liao, C.H., Chiu, A.S.F., 2011. Evaluate municipal solid waste management problems using hierarchical framework. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 25: 353-362. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2011.10.554

Molinos-Senante, M., Gomez, T., Caballero, R., Hernandez-Sacho, F., Sala-Garrido, R., 2015. Assessment of wastewater treatment alternatives for small communities: An analytic network process approach. Science of the Total Environment. 532:676-687. https://doi. org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2015.06.059

Nizar, M., Munir, E., Munawar, E., Irvan, 2017. Manajemen pengelolaan sampah kota berdasarkan konsep zero waste: Studi literatur. Jurnal Serambi Engineering. 1(2):93-102.

Tseng, M.L., 2009. Application of ANP and DEMATEL to evaluate the decision-making of municipal solid waste management in Metro Manila. Environmental Monitoring Assessment. 156(1):181-197. 10.1007/s10661-008-0477-1




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.32672/jse.v4i2.1326

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Lisensi Creative Commons
Ciptaan disebarluaskan di bawah Lisensi Creative Commons Atribusi 4.0 Internasional.

Bekerjasama dengan Native Proofreading